After experiencing a difficult childhood, Raul Lozza settled with his brothers in Buenos Aires, in 1929. His interest in political and social matters, which inspired his writings and drawings as well as his militancy in the communist party, resulted in persecution and imprisonment. In the 1930s, he worked in illustration and advertising design developing a figurative style tending toward abstraction.
Between 1944 and 1945, Lozza was part of the group that published the magazine Contrapunto, which focused on visual arts and literature. He also had ties with the group that published the magazine Arturo, sharing with its members the need to revolutionize the visual arts, even though their proposals seemed ambiguous to him. When Arturo dissolved in 1945, giving birth to the MadÃ movement and the AsociaciÃ³n Arte Concreto-InvenciÃ³n, Lozza and his brothers joined the latter. In 1946, he subscribed to the manifiesto Invencionista and participated in the inaugural exhibition of the Association (SalÃ³n Peuser, Buenos Aires). His work of this period included geometric abstract paintings with irregular frames. In these works the fields of color were divided by black lines. Later, these fields became independent and separated, subtly or manifestly, although they remained on the same plane, following what is known as â€œcoplanaridad,â€ one of the most important findings of Rio de La Plataâ€™s concrete art.
Seeking to create works where forms are independent and resolve themselves in space, Lozza decided to break away from the AsociaciÃ³n Arte Concreto in 1947, while the rest of the members chose to return to rectangular supports. That same year, along with the critic Abraham Haber and Lozzaâ€™s brother Rembrandt, he created the movement Perceptismo, whose objective was to produce true works of concrete art. Lozza created a theoretical-practical system for art that used physics and mathematics as fundamental concepts. Thus, he spoke of campo colorido, which was the context in which the artwork was installed, ideally a wall, but for practical reasons he also utilized enameled plates on which the forms were placed, with a certain separation that gave them a floating aspect. These forms were generated from areas delimited by the intersections of a system of centrifugal lines that crossed the colorful field (called estructura abierta). Finally, through his own calculations, he created a cualimetrÃa de la forma plana (based on a table in which he classified more than 4,200 colors) that established chromatic relations between forms and fields.
In 1949, Lozza published perceptismoâ€™s manifesto and presented the exhibition Raul Lozza: Primera Exposicion de arte perceptista (GalerÃa Van Riel, Buenos Aires), which included mural-sized paintings. From the beginning of the movement, Lozza developed an intense campaign for the diffusion of perceptismo that included numerous theoretical writings and conferences at both the national and the international level, as well as the publication of the magazine Perceptismo (1950-1953).
During the following decades, Lozza dedicated himself to practicing and spreading perceptismo through solo exhibitions, including ones presented at the Museu de Arte Moderna (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1963), Cuarenta aÃ±os en el arte concreto (sesenta con la pintura), at the FundaciÃ³n San Telmo (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1985), and Retrospectiva 1939-1997, at the Museo de Arte Moderno (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1997). In Argentina, he was awarded the Premio Leonardo a la Trayectoria (Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1998) and the Premio Cultura NaciÃ³n (SecretarÃa de Cultura de la NaciÃ³n, 2007).